Integrated Power Management for Wireless Sensor Nodes
Mervin John and Seth R. Sanders
Semiconductor Research Corporation
A representative wireless sensor node contains sensing functions (eg, temperature, pressure, acceleration, strain, chemical, etc.), wireless communication capability, supervisory management, an energy/power source, energy storage, and associated energy/power conversion and management functionality. This research explores the analysis and design issues surrounding integrated CMOS based power conversion and management techniques required in such a wireless sensor device. Fully-integrated switched capacitor DC-DC converters, with no external magnetics, are ideally suited for these types of centimeter and millimeter-scale applications. This research explores techniques for achieving high efficiency over a wide power range (~1uA->~10mA) using minimal die area for the on-chip capacitors.
Figure 1: Power Management Architecture for Active RFID Tag