Period Optimization for Hard Real-Time Distributed Automotive Systems
Abhijit Davare, Qi Zhu, Marco Di Natale, Claudio Pinello, Sri Kanajan and Alberto L. Sangiovanni-Vincentelli
The complexity and physical distribution of modern active-safety automotive applications requires the use of distributed architectures. These architectures consist of multiple electronic control units (ECUs) connected with standardized buses. The most common configuration features periodic activation of tasks and messages coupled with run-time priority-based scheduling. The correct deployment of applications on such architectures requires end-to-end latency deadlines to be met. This is challenging since deadlines must be enforced across a set of ECUs and buses, each of which supports multiple functionality. The need for accommodating legacy tasks and messages further complicates the scenario.
In this work, we automatically assign task and message periods for distributed automotive systems. This is accomplished by leveraging schedulability analysis within a convex optimization framework to simultaneously assign periods and satisfy end-to-end latency constraints. Our approach is applied to an industrial case study as well as an example taken from the literature and is shown to be both effective and efficient.
- A. Davare, Q. Zhu, M. Di Natale, C. Pinello, S. Kanajan, and A. L. Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, "Period Optimization for Hard Real-Time Distributed Automotive Systems," 44th Design Automation Conference (DAC'07), San Diego, CA, June 2007 (Best Paper Award).