Electrical Engineering
      and Computer Sciences

Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

UC Berkeley

Two-Handed Marking Menus for Multitouch Devices

Kenrick Kin, Björn Hartmann and Maneesh Agrawala

EECS Department
University of California, Berkeley
Technical Report No. UCB/EECS-2010-118
August 19, 2010

http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2010/EECS-2010-118.pdf

We investigate multi-stroke marking menus for multitouch devices and we show that using two hands can improve performance. We present two new two-handed multi-stroke marking menu variants in which users either draw strokes with both hands simultaneously or alternate strokes between hands. In a pair of studies we find that using two hands simultaneously is faster than using a single, dominant-handed marking menu by 10-15%. Alternating strokes between hands doubles the number of accessible menu items for the same number of strokes, and is similar in performance to using a one-handed marking menu. We also examine how stroke direction affects performance. When using thumbs on an iPod Touch, drawing strokes upwards and inwards is faster than other directions. For two-handed simultaneous menus, stroke pairs that are bilaterally symmetric or share the same direction are fastest. We conclude with design guidelines and sample applications to aid multitouch application developers interested in using one- and two-handed marking menus.


BibTeX citation:

@techreport{Kin:EECS-2010-118,
    Author = {Kin, Kenrick and Hartmann, Björn and Agrawala, Maneesh},
    Title = {Two-Handed Marking Menus for Multitouch Devices},
    Institution = {EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley},
    Year = {2010},
    Month = {Aug},
    URL = {http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2010/EECS-2010-118.html},
    Number = {UCB/EECS-2010-118},
    Abstract = {We investigate multi-stroke marking menus for multitouch devices and we show that using two hands can improve performance. We present two new two-handed multi-stroke marking menu variants in which users either draw strokes with both hands simultaneously or alternate strokes between hands. In a pair of studies we find that using two hands simultaneously is faster than using a single, dominant-handed marking menu by 10-15%. Alternating strokes between hands doubles the number of accessible menu items for the same number of strokes, and is similar in performance to using a one-handed marking menu. We also examine how stroke direction affects performance. When using thumbs on an iPod Touch, drawing strokes upwards and inwards is faster than other directions. For two-handed simultaneous menus, stroke pairs that are bilaterally symmetric or share the same direction are fastest. We conclude with design guidelines and sample applications to aid multitouch application developers interested in using one- and two-handed marking menus.}
}

EndNote citation:

%0 Report
%A Kin, Kenrick
%A Hartmann, Björn
%A Agrawala, Maneesh
%T Two-Handed Marking Menus for Multitouch Devices
%I EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley
%D 2010
%8 August 19
%@ UCB/EECS-2010-118
%U http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2010/EECS-2010-118.html
%F Kin:EECS-2010-118