Electrical Engineering
      and Computer Sciences

Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

UC Berkeley

Answering Questions about Complex Events

Steve Sinha

EECS Department
University of California, Berkeley
Technical Report No. UCB/EECS-2008-175
December 19, 2008

http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2008/EECS-2008-175.pdf

Reasoning about event structure is a fundamental research problem in Artificial Intelligence. Event scenarios and procedures are inherently about change of state. To understand them and answer questions about them requires a means of describing, simulating and analyzing the underlying processes, taking into account preconditions and effects, the resources they produce and consume, and their interactions with each other. We propose a novel, comprehensive event schema that covers many of the parameters required and has explicit links to language through FrameNet. Based on the event schema, we have implemented a dynamic model of events capable of simulation and causal inference. We describe the results of applying this event reasoning platform to question answering and system diagnosis, providing responses to questions on justification, temporal projection, ability and 'what-if' hypotheticals, as well as complex problems in diagnosis of systems with incomplete knowledge.

Advisor: Jerome A. Feldman


BibTeX citation:

@phdthesis{Sinha:EECS-2008-175,
    Author = {Sinha, Steve},
    Title = {Answering Questions about Complex Events},
    School = {EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley},
    Year = {2008},
    Month = {Dec},
    URL = {http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2008/EECS-2008-175.html},
    Number = {UCB/EECS-2008-175},
    Abstract = {Reasoning about event structure is a fundamental research problem in Artificial Intelligence.  Event scenarios and procedures are inherently about change of state.  To understand them and answer questions about them requires a means of describing, simulating and analyzing the underlying processes, taking into account preconditions and effects, the resources they produce and consume, and their interactions with each other.  We propose a novel, comprehensive event schema that covers many of the parameters required and has explicit links to language through FrameNet.  Based on the event schema, we have implemented a dynamic model of events capable of simulation and causal inference.  We describe the results of applying this event reasoning platform to question answering and system diagnosis, providing responses to questions on justification, temporal projection, ability and 'what-if' hypotheticals, as well as complex problems in diagnosis of systems with incomplete knowledge.}
}

EndNote citation:

%0 Thesis
%A Sinha, Steve
%T Answering Questions about Complex Events
%I EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley
%D 2008
%8 December 19
%@ UCB/EECS-2008-175
%U http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2008/EECS-2008-175.html
%F Sinha:EECS-2008-175