Electrical Engineering
      and Computer Sciences

Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

UC Berkeley

A Computational Model of Human Blood Clotting: Simulation, Analysis, Control, and Validation

Joseph Gerard Makin

EECS Department
University of California, Berkeley
Technical Report No. UCB/EECS-2008-165
December 17, 2008

http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2008/EECS-2008-165.pdf

Complex biological systems pose many challenges to researchers, including, inter alia, choice of computational model, with its consequences for simulation and analysis; methods of manipulating the system exogenously (control); and model validation. I attempt to address these issues for human blood clotting. By treating the system as comprising interacting discrete and continuous aspects, i.e. as hybrid, the entire coagulation cascade may be simulated: Blood proteins, elemental ions, and other state elements are modeled either as real-valued concentrations or as binary variables (present/absent); interactions are rendered either as ODEs (per their chemical equations) or as discrete events. Techniques from nonlinear control theory are then used to devise drug therapies for diseased patients. Finally, the model is used to warp variations in the input parameters---rate constants and initial conditions---into an output space where pathologies and healthy clotting are cleanly separated by a semi-supervised clustering analysis. This serves to validate the model as well as to summarize efficiently the predicted clinical consequences of individual variations.

Advisor: Jerome A. Feldman


BibTeX citation:

@phdthesis{Makin:EECS-2008-165,
    Author = {Makin, Joseph Gerard},
    Title = {A Computational Model of Human Blood Clotting: Simulation, Analysis, Control, and Validation},
    School = {EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley},
    Year = {2008},
    Month = {Dec},
    URL = {http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2008/EECS-2008-165.html},
    Number = {UCB/EECS-2008-165},
    Abstract = {Complex biological systems pose many challenges to researchers, including, inter alia, choice
of computational model, with its consequences for simulation and analysis; methods of manipulating
the system exogenously (control); and model validation. I attempt to address
these issues for human blood clotting. By treating the system as comprising interacting
discrete and continuous aspects, i.e. as hybrid, the entire coagulation cascade may be
simulated: Blood proteins, elemental ions, and other state elements are modeled either
as real-valued concentrations or as binary variables (present/absent); interactions are rendered
either as ODEs (per their chemical equations) or as discrete events. Techniques from
nonlinear control theory are then used to devise drug therapies for diseased patients. Finally,
the model is used to warp variations in the input parameters---rate constants and
initial conditions---into an output space where pathologies and healthy clotting are cleanly
separated by a semi-supervised clustering analysis. This serves to validate the model as well as to summarize efficiently the predicted clinical consequences of individual variations.}
}

EndNote citation:

%0 Thesis
%A Makin, Joseph Gerard
%T A Computational Model of Human Blood Clotting: Simulation, Analysis, Control, and Validation
%I EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley
%D 2008
%8 December 17
%@ UCB/EECS-2008-165
%U http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2008/EECS-2008-165.html
%F Makin:EECS-2008-165