# Structured and Parameter-Dependent Eigensolvers for Simulation-Based Design of Resonant MEMS

### David Samuel Bindel

###
EECS Department

University of California, Berkeley

Technical Report No. UCB/EECS-2006-108

August 22, 2006

### http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2006/EECS-2006-108.pdf

This dissertation is about computational tools to aid in the design of resonant Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS), tiny vibrating devices built by processes like those used to make integrated circuits. Vibrating MEMS are used in accelerometers and gyroscopes, in sensors to detect chemicals and to measure pressure, and in communication devices such as cell phones. MEMS engineers can use computer simulations to design devices using fewer costly and time-consuming prototype tests, but these simulations are only as useful as the models on which they are built. In this work, we contribute new mathematical models, numerical methods, and software tools to simulate resonant MEMS, and apply these tools to analyze specific devices. We describe physical models of damped vibrations of MEMS, including anchor loss and thermoelastic effects which are widely recognized as important, but not modeled in generality by existing tools. Though the resulting systems of equations are large and non-Hermitian, and depend nonlinearly on frequency, we use the equation structure to develop efficient structured Krylov subspace projection methods for computing free vibrations and reduced-order models. We also provide efficient continuation methods for re-computing eigendecompositions under changes to design parameters or operating conditions. Our models and analysis methods are integrated into HiQLab, a new finite element tool with a particularly flexible architecture which we have designed. Using HiQLab, we simulate example resonator designs, and compare our results to laboratory measurements. Our simulations reveal a previously unknown mode interference phenomenon, subsequently observed in experiments, which dramatically affects the amount of damping near certain critical values of geometric parameters.

**Advisor:** James Demmel

BibTeX citation:

@phdthesis{Bindel:EECS-2006-108, Author = {Bindel, David Samuel}, Title = {Structured and Parameter-Dependent Eigensolvers for Simulation-Based Design of Resonant MEMS}, School = {EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley}, Year = {2006}, Month = {Aug}, URL = {http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2006/EECS-2006-108.html}, Number = {UCB/EECS-2006-108}, Abstract = {This dissertation is about computational tools to aid in the design of resonant Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS), tiny vibrating devices built by processes like those used to make integrated circuits. Vibrating MEMS are used in accelerometers and gyroscopes, in sensors to detect chemicals and to measure pressure, and in communication devices such as cell phones. MEMS engineers can use computer simulations to design devices using fewer costly and time-consuming prototype tests, but these simulations are only as useful as the models on which they are built. In this work, we contribute new mathematical models, numerical methods, and software tools to simulate resonant MEMS, and apply these tools to analyze specific devices. We describe physical models of damped vibrations of MEMS, including anchor loss and thermoelastic effects which are widely recognized as important, but not modeled in generality by existing tools. Though the resulting systems of equations are large and non-Hermitian, and depend nonlinearly on frequency, we use the equation structure to develop efficient structured Krylov subspace projection methods for computing free vibrations and reduced-order models. We also provide efficient continuation methods for re-computing eigendecompositions under changes to design parameters or operating conditions. Our models and analysis methods are integrated into HiQLab, a new finite element tool with a particularly flexible architecture which we have designed. Using HiQLab, we simulate example resonator designs, and compare our results to laboratory measurements. Our simulations reveal a previously unknown mode interference phenomenon, subsequently observed in experiments, which dramatically affects the amount of damping near certain critical values of geometric parameters.} }

EndNote citation:

%0 Thesis %A Bindel, David Samuel %T Structured and Parameter-Dependent Eigensolvers for Simulation-Based Design of Resonant MEMS %I EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley %D 2006 %8 August 22 %@ UCB/EECS-2006-108 %U http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2006/EECS-2006-108.html %F Bindel:EECS-2006-108