Electrical Engineering
      and Computer Sciences

Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

UC Berkeley

A Case for Flow-Adaptive Wireless Links

Reiner Ludwig

EECS Department
University of California, Berkeley
Technical Report No. UCB/CSD-99-1053
May 1999

http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/1999/CSD-99-1053.pdf

We study the performance problems that exist when loss responsive flows traverse wireless links, where losses are often unrelated to congestion. We present a novel concept -- flow-adaptive wireless links -- which provides service differentiation by tailoring link layer error control to the QoS requirements of each flow sharing the link. Flow-adaptive links emphasize local error control as a necessary complement to end-to-end error control, and are independent of transport (or higher) layer protocol semantics. The key idea is that applications use the IP layer as a level of indirection through which QoS requirements are communicated to each link along the path, on a per flow basis. We then demonstrate how this improves performance for the particular class of reliable loss responsive flows. We prove in general that a well engineered, fully reliable wireless link does not interfere with TCP's end-to-end error recovery. Moreover, we propose a new error recovery algorithm (TCP-Eifel) that can optionally be implemented in TCP to further improve performance. By eliminating the retransmission ambiguity problem the algorithm detects spurious timeouts, and uses these as an implicit cross-layer signal to prevent unnecessary retransmissions in TCP.


BibTeX citation:

@techreport{Ludwig:CSD-99-1053,
    Author = {Ludwig, Reiner},
    Title = {A Case for Flow-Adaptive Wireless Links},
    Institution = {EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley},
    Year = {1999},
    Month = {May},
    URL = {http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/1999/5518.html},
    Number = {UCB/CSD-99-1053},
    Abstract = {We study the performance problems that exist when loss responsive flows traverse wireless links, where losses are often unrelated to congestion. We present a novel concept -- flow-adaptive wireless links -- which provides service differentiation by tailoring link layer error control to the QoS requirements of each flow sharing the link. Flow-adaptive links emphasize local error control as a necessary complement to end-to-end error control, and are independent of transport (or higher) layer protocol semantics. The key idea is that applications use the IP layer as a level of indirection through which QoS requirements are communicated to each link along the path, on a per flow basis. We then demonstrate how this improves performance for the particular class of reliable loss responsive flows. We prove in general that a well engineered, fully reliable wireless link does not interfere with TCP's end-to-end error recovery. Moreover, we propose a new error recovery algorithm (TCP-Eifel) that can optionally be implemented in TCP to further improve performance. By eliminating the retransmission ambiguity problem the algorithm detects spurious timeouts, and uses these as an implicit cross-layer signal to prevent unnecessary retransmissions in TCP.}
}

EndNote citation:

%0 Report
%A Ludwig, Reiner
%T A Case for Flow-Adaptive Wireless Links
%I EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley
%D 1999
%@ UCB/CSD-99-1053
%U http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/1999/5518.html
%F Ludwig:CSD-99-1053